ShenZhen Haohaichang Industrial Co.,Ltd.
ShenZhen Haohaichang Industrial Co.,Ltd.

Terminologies Related to Bolts: Unlocking the Language of Bolt Specifications

When it comes to bolts, understanding the related terminologies is crucial for selecting the right fasteners for your projects. From shank diameter to thread pitch and chamfer angle, each terminology holds significance in determining the specifications and compatibility of bolts.


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Shank Diameter: The Foundation of a Bolt 

The shank diameter refers to the diameter of the smooth or unthreaded portion of the bolt shaft. It is often known as the nominal diameter or body diameter. Understanding the shank diameter is vital as it determines the size and fit of the bolt in the application. By matching the shank diameter with the corresponding hole size or nut, you can ensure a secure and proper fastening.


Major Diameter: Measuring the Thread's Expanse 

The major diameter represents the largest diameter of the bolt thread. It is the distance between two opposite crests or the topmost surface of the thread. In most cases, the major diameter is equal to the nominal diameter. This measurement is crucial when determining the compatibility of bolts with nuts or threaded holes, as it ensures a proper fit and engagement.


Minor Diameter: Unveiling the Thread's Roots 

The minor diameter, also known as the root diameter, signifies the smallest distance of the bolt thread. It is the distance between two opposite roots or the bottommost surface of the thread. Understanding the minor diameter helps in assessing the internal dimensions of nuts or threaded holes to ensure proper engagement and secure fastening.


Pitch Diameter: The Median of Bolt Threads

 The pitch diameter represents the diameter situated halfway between the major and minor diameters. It is a critical measurement that influences the thread's engagement and compatibility with mating threads. By considering the pitch diameter, you can ensure that the threads mesh correctly, allowing for effective fastening and load distribution.


Nominal Length: Understanding the Bolt Shaft 

The nominal length refers to the total axial length of the bolt shaft. It includes both the grip length and the thread length. The grip length is the portion of the bolt that is unthreaded, while the thread length encompasses the threaded section measured from the first complete thread next to the shank to the end of the bolt shaft. Understanding the nominal length helps in selecting bolts of appropriate sizes to accommodate specific applications.


Thread Pitch: Unveiling the Thread's Spacing 

Thread pitch refers to the axial distance between two adjacent crests of the bolt thread. It is a crucial specification, especially for metric fasteners, and is usually expressed in millimeters. Thread pitch plays a vital role in determining the compatibility between bolts and nuts or threaded holes. By matching the thread pitch of bolts and mating components, you can ensure proper engagement and secure fastening.


Threads Per Inch (TPI): Imperial Bolt Sizing 

In imperial or US fasteners, threads per inch (TPI) is used instead of thread pitch. TPI represents the number of threads present in one inch of the bolt's threaded section. It is an important specification to consider when dealing with imperial fasteners. By understanding TPI, you can select the right bolts for applications that follow the imperial measurement system.


Right-Handed and Left-Handed Threads: Direction Matters 

Bolts can have either right-handed or left-handed threads. Right-handed threads are tightened when rotated in a clockwise direction, making them the most common configuration. On the other hand, left-handed threads advance axially when turned in a counterclockwise direction. Left-handed threads are used in specific applications where counterclockwise rotation is required to prevent loosening. Understanding the difference between right-handed and left-handed threads is essential when dealing with specialized applications.


Chamfer and Chamfer Angle: Easing Bolt Installation 

A chamfer refers to a slight beveled edge near the bolt tip. It is created by cutting a portion of the first thread near the bolt tip. Bolts with chamfered ends are designed to facilitate the insertion of nuts and fit into holes easily. The chamfer angle, measured from the normal to the bolt axis, determines the extent of the bevel. By incorporating a chamfer and understanding its angle, bolt installation becomes smoother and more convenient.


comprehending the terminologies related to bolts is essential for successful fastening applications. From the shank diameter to the pitch diameter and chamfer angle, and this is also a key part of quality control in manufacturing high-precision bolts.